Hosni Mubarak ruled Egypt for almost 30 years until he was swept from power in a wave of mass protests in February 2011.
By late May 2011, judicial officials announced that Mr Mubarak, along with his two sons – Alaa and Gamal – would stand trial over the deaths of anti-government protesters. So began a protracted series of court appearances – with the former president often been seen in the dock in an upright stretcher wearing his trademark sunglasses.
He has steadfastly argued his innocence – telling a retrial in August that that he was approaching the end of his life “with a good conscience”.
On 13 January 2013, Egypt’s Court of Cassation (the nation’s high court of appeal) overturned Mubarak’s sentence and ordered a retrial. On retrial, Mubarak and his sons were convicted on 9 May 2015 of corruption and given prison sentences. Mubarak is detained in a military hospital and his sons were freed 12 October 2015 by a Cairo court. He was acquitted on 2 March 2017 by Court of Cassation, Egypt’s top appeals court.
For Egyptians who took to the streets six years ago to denounce Mubarak’s nearly three-decade rule and bring him down, the decision was viewed as the latest blow to their hopes and aspirations, which have steadily eroded under the two governments since Mubarak’s fall.